Expenditure per capita seven times higher in Luxembourg than in Romania
In 2011, social protection expenditure per capita in PPS (Purchasing Power Standards), which eliminates price level differences between countries, was nearly seven times higher in Luxembourg than in Romania. After Luxembourg, the highest spending per capita was recorded in the Netherlands and Denmark at around 40% above the EU28 average, followed by Austria at around 30% above the average, and France, Germany and Sweden at around 25% above. The lowest spending per capita was registered in Romania and Bulgaria at less than 30% of the EU28 average.
Highest share for old age & survivors benefits in Italy and Poland
On average in the EU28, old age & survivors benefits accounted for 46% of total social benefits in 2011, and were the major part of social protection benefits in nearly all Member States. The share of old age & survivors benefits in the total was highest in Italy (61%), Poland (58%), Portugal, Latvia and Malta (all 55%), and lowest in Ireland (23%), Luxembourg (37%) and Croatia (38%).
Sickness/health care & disability benefits accounted for 37% of total social benefits on average in the EU28 in 2011. They represented the largest share of social protection benefits in Germany, Ireland, Croatia and the Netherlands. Amongst the Member States, the share of these benefits ranged from 26% in Cyprus and 30% in Latvia to 51% in Croatia and 49% in Ireland.
Family benefits accounted for 8% of total social benefits on average in the EU28 in 2011, unemployment benefits for 6% and housing & social exclusion benefits for 4%. The share of family benefits in the total ranged from 4% in the Netherlands to 16% in Luxembourg. Unemployment benefits varied between 2% in Poland, Romania and
Croatia and 15% in Spain, and housing & social exclusion benefits between less than 1% in Italy and Croatia and 11% in Cyprus.