These figures are published by Eurostat, the Statistical Office of the European Communities.
Among the Member States, the lowest unemployment rates were registered in Denmark (2.7%) and the Netherlands (2.8%), and the highest in Slovakia (10.0%) and Spain (9.6%).
Over the last year, twenty-four Member States recorded a fall in their unemployment rate and three an increase. The largest falls were observed in Poland (10.1% to 7.7%), Bulgaria (7.3% to 5.5%) and Slovakia (11.4% to 10.0%), and the highest increases in Spain (8.1% to 9.6%) and Ireland (4.6% to 5.7%).
The unemployment rate for males fell from 6.6% to 6.4% between April 2007 and April 2008 in the euro area and from 6.6% to 6.2% in the EU27. The female unemployment rate declined from 8.6% to 8.0% in the euro area and from 8.0% to 7.3% in the EU27.
In April 2008, the youth unemployment rate (under-25s) was 15.0% in the euro area and 14.8% in the EU27. In April 2007 it was 14.8% and 15.5% respectively. The lowest rates were observed in Denmark (5.5%) and in the Netherlands (5.6%), and the highest in Spain (22.9%), Greece and Italy (both 21.8% in the fourth quarter 2007).
The unemployment rate was 5.0% in the USA in April 2008, and 3.8% in Japan in March 2008.