The decrease in EU28 real agricultural income in 2013 is mainly the result of higher increase in real terms in input costs (+0.8%) than in the value of the output of the agricultural sector at producer prices (+0.1%).
Real agricultural income per worker in 2013 is estimated to have risen in fifteen Member States and fallen in thirteen. The highest increases are expected in the Netherlands (+11.4%), Romania (+10.4%), Spain (+10.0%) and Italy (+8.9%), and the steepest decreases in Estonia (-17.2%), France (-16.4%), Croatia (-16.2%) and Germany (-10.0%).
In 2013, the value of EU28 agricultural output at producer prices is estimated to have increased by 0.1%, mainly due to an increase in real terms in the value of animal output (+1.5%) and a decrease in the value of crop production (-1.1%).
The fall in the value of crop production is due to a decrease in prices (-3.7%), partly counterbalanced by an increase in volume (+2.7%). Volumes fell for olive oil (-30.6%), sugar beet (-4.5%), fresh vegetables (-1.7%) and plant & flowers (-1.1%), but rose for potatoes (+1.1%), cereals (+6.1%), oilseeds (+6.6%), fruits (+6.9%) and wine (+7.2%). Prices declined for oilseeds (-15.4%), cereals (-13.7%), sugar beet (-2.9%) and plants & flowers (-1.8%), while they rose for fresh vegetables (+1.1%), fruits (+2.3%), wine (+2.8%), potatoes (+15.2%) and olive oil (+20.5%).
The increase in the value of animal production is due to an increase in prices (+1.6%) while volume remained stable. Volumes fell for sheep & goats (-2.2%), cattle (-0.9%) and pigs (-0.7%), but rose for milk (+0.1%), poultry (+0.9%) and eggs (+3.7%). Prices fell for eggs (-17.2%) and sheep & goats (-2.7%), while they rose for cattle (+0.8%), pigs (+1.7%), poultry (+2.7%) and milk (+5.8%).
EU28 agricultural input costs (intermediate consumption) are estimated to have risen by 0.8% in real terms, mainly due to an increase in value for feedingstuffs (+1.0%), maintenance of materials (+2.0%) and seeds & planting stocks (+2.5%).